of Affirmative Action was planted by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The
act banned discrimination in employment due to race, color, religion,
sex or national origin. In 1972, educational institutions were forbidden
from discriminating against women and others who had been historically
underrepresented. Universities and colleges were required to create
and submit annually an affirmative action plan, documenting how they
would comply with the equal education and employment legislation and
respond to discrimination complaints.
Affirmative Action Workshop
From 1972 until 1975, Dean
John A. Curry (president of Northeastern from 1989-1996) and Phyllis
M. Schaen, assistant to the dean of academic services, served as Northeastern’s
acting affirmative action officers. On April 1, 1975, Ann M. Duncan
Glasgow became Northeastern’s first director of affirmative action.
She was succeeded by community activist and former director of Freedom
House, Ellen S. Jackson,
in 1978. That same year in the Regents of the University of California
v. Bakke case, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that while admissions quotas
were unacceptable, race could be considered a factor in university admissions.