Archives and Special Collections
92 Snell Library
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Boston, MA 02115
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Archives and Special Collections Finding Aids

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Collection Overview
Title:Escuelita Agueybana Day Care Centers records
Dates:1978-1996
Location:60/1, 60/4
Call Number:M116
Volume:5.15 cubic ft. (6 boxes)
Scope and Content Abstract:The Escuelita Agueybana (Escuelita) collection documents the first bilingual day care center in Massachusetts to serve primarily Hispanic children and their families. The records date from 1978 through 1996 and cover research topics, such as bilingual and multicultural education, Head Start programs, Hispanic American child day care, and child nutrition and health. The records specifically document the centers' curriculum development, services for children and families, parental involvement in establishing center policies, and efforts to comply with federal and state child day care regulations. This collection includes the records of the executive directors; agendas and minutes of the Board of Directors, Parents Policy Council, and Health Services Advisory Council meetings; proposed merger plans with IBA; federal and state child day care agency correspondence; and progress, transition, and status reports. Also included are minutes and reports of program directors meetings, staff meeting minutes, newsletters, proposals, grants, and contracts. The records are mostly in English with some Spanish interspersed.
Historical Abstract:In 1976, a group of parents living in Villa Victoria in the South End met to discuss the need for day care in their neighborhood. These parents, who were in the process of becoming economically self-sufficient, established Escuelita Agueybana, the first bilingual day care center in Massachusetts to serve primarily Hispanic children and their families. With funding from the City of Boston Public Welfare Department and Inquilinos Boricuas en Acción (IBA) acting as its fiscal agent, the center opened its doors on West Dedham Street in 1978. Escuelita was a Head Start program, a national program that provided comprehensive educational services to low income preschool children and their families. Incorporated in 1981, Escuelita opened another center in Dorchester in 1985. From 1993 through 1996, Escuelita experienced a succession of interim directors, and received several compliance violations from federal and state funding agencies, and the United Way. Beginning in 1994, Escuelita started restructuring and discussing the possibility of merging with IBA. The Board of Directors voted to merge with IBA in 1995; however, the loss of funding and the inability to hire a permanent executive director caused the Board of Directors to vote to close both centers in 1996 before the merger was completed.
Arrangement:Organized into 6 series: 1. Governance; 2. Administration; 3. Executive Directors; 4. Program Components; 5. Grants and Contracts; and 6. Photographic Material.
Subjects and Contributors:
  • Cornier, Agnes-Tamara
  • Fisher, Louis
  • Levine, Mark
  • Rosa, Marta
  • Sariol, Lourdes

  • Escuelita Agueybana Day Care Centers
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Administration for Children, Youth and Families

  • Education, Bilingual -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- History
  • Head Start programs -- United States
  • Multicultural education -- Massachusetts -- Boston
  • Hispanic American children -- Services for -- United States
  • Day care centers -- United States
  • Children -- nutrition
  • Health promotion

Restrictions:The collection is unrestricted.
Related Materials:

Inquilinos Boricuas en Acción (M111)

Processor: Finding aid prepared by Kimberly Reynolds, with the assistance of Zachary Enright and Megan Cox, July 2006. This collection was processed with funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Historical Note

In 1976, a group of parents living in Villa Victoria in the South End met to discuss the need for day care in their neighborhood. These parents, who were in the process of becoming economically self-sufficient, established Escuelita Agueybana, the first bilingual day care center in Massachusetts to serve primarily Hispanic children and their families. With funding from a City of Boston Community Development Block Grant and with Inquilinos Boricuas en Acción (IBA) acting as its fiscal agent, the center opened its doors on West Dedham Street in 1978. Escuelita was a Head Start program, a national program that provided comprehensive educational services to low income preschool children and their families, and that required parents be directly involved in the development, operation, and direction of the program.

Escuelita's bilingual programs were designed to foster the growth and development of pre-school children and to build self-esteem by promoting the value of each child's language and culture. Mornings were dedicated to practicing pre-reading and number skills, and the afternoons were time for special activities that included music, dance games, and home economics. Programs included special education and health and nutrition. The curriculum included classes in behavior management, motor skill development, cultural awareness, language, pre-writing, reasoning skills, hygiene, manners, and healthy eating habits. Incorporated in 1981, Escuelita opened another center in Dorchester in 1985. Each center had slots for 58 children from the ages of 2.9 to 6 years. The centers were opened 12 months a year for ten hours a day, and priority was given to children whose parents were either working, in a job training program, or in school. Parental support was an essential element of Escuelita's philosophy that the center "had to be governed by a group of individuals interested in the problems and issues surrounding children and day care services" (United Way Affiliation Proposal, Box 2, Folder 49). Parents served on both the Board of Directors and the Parent Policy Council and were also active in other ways, including protesting against cutbacks in state funding for day care in the early 1990s. In 1983, the Board of Directors voted that Escuelita should be financially independent of IBA. At the same time, Escuelita became an affiliate of the United Way.

Since Escuelita's beginning, IBA sought to build a permanent home for it in the Villa Victoria Community Center. In the late-1980s, when the South End Center was under investigation by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Office for Children Licensing Center, IBA and Escuelita began discussing the formation of the IBA-Escuelita Agueybana Neighborhood Child Care Project (Villa Victoria Child Care Project). The project was designed to serve 100 children and their families living in the Villa Victoria Community and in the South End; however, the two organizations were unable to obtain the necessary funding for the project.

From 1993 through 1996, Escuelita experienced a succession of interim directors, low Board member attendance at meetings, and many compliance violations from federal and state funding agencies, including the United Way. Beginning in 1994, Escuelita started restructuring and discussing the possibility of merging with IBA, and the Board of Directors voted to merge with IBA in 1995. The loss of funding and the inability to hire a permanent Executive Director, however, caused the Board of Directors to vote to close both centers in 1996 before the merger could be completed.

Chronology
1978Escuelita receives funding from the Department of Public Welfare and the Hispanic Office of Planning and Evaluation. Day care center opens in May.
1980Board of Directors is elected.
1981Escuelita incorporates.
1983Escuelita becomes affiliate of the United Way.
1985Escuelita opens second day care center in Dorchester.
1992Dorchester site temporarily closes and merges with South End.
1993Escuelita is cited for non-compliance by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Administration for Children, Youth and Families.
1994Inquilinos Boricuas en Acción (IBA) and Escuelita begin discussing possible merger.
1995Escuelita Board of Directors votes to merge with IBA.Escuelita loses Head Start funding.Escuelita Board of Directors votes to dissolve corporation.
1996IBA establishes Escuelita Boriken to continue legacy of Escuelita Agueybana.
Chronology of Executive Directors
1978-1986Cecilia Hunt
1986-1989Agnes-Tamara Cornier
1989-1990Rosario Guiterrez
1990- Mar 1993Lourdes Sariol
Mar 1993-Jun 1994Louis Fisher
1993-Jan 1995Mark Levine (Co-Director)
1994-Jan 1995Marta Rosa (Co-Director)
Feb 1995-1996Carlos Diaz (Executive Director)
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Series:

1. Governance, 1978-1996
Volume:1 cubic ft.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical
Summary:

This series documents Escuelita's curriculum planning and program development, parent recruitment and involvement, health advisory policies and procedures, and Escuelita's recovery efforts concerning non-compliance violations from the United States Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families and from the Massachusetts Department of Health and the Human Development Services Head Start Office. Records include by-laws; agendas and minutes of Board of Directors, Health Services Advisory Council, Parent's Policy Council and Escuelita annual meetings; executive director reports to the Board of Directors; corrective action and recovery plans; and executive and finance committee reports. Of note is the Head Start Parent's Policy Council Handbook, which includes policy interpretations and member's roles, functions, and responsibilities (Box 1, Folder 28).
BoxTitleDate
1Annual Meetings: Agendas and Minutes1986-1995
1Board of Directors (5 folders)n.d., 1990-1997
1By-lawsn.d.
1Community Meeting: Recovery Plan1994
1Correspondence (3 folders)1988-1993
Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program
1Massachusetts: Compliance (2 folders)1990-1995
1United States
1Corrective Action Plan1994
1Follow-up Review1995
1On-site Program Review Summary Report1995
1Validation Response1990
1Escuelita Status Report1993
1Financial Committee1988
1Fiscal (4 folders)1987-1992
1Health Services Advisory Council Meeting Minutes (3 folders)1987-1993
1Parent Policy Council (4 folders)1987-1996
1Recovery Plan: A New Way of Doing Business1994
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Series:

2. Administration, 1978-1996
Volume:2 cubic ft.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical
Summary:

This series documents the daily operations of Escuelita's South End and Dorchester centers, including staff training and development in nutrition, special needs and team building; restructuring planning; health and safety policy implementation; and compliance with federal and state funding agencies regulations. Records include correspondence and compliance reviews from the United States Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program and from the Massachusetts Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program, meeting minutes, United Way affiliation proposal, newsletters, and newspaper clippings. Staff folders include teacher qualification standards; teaching and center schedules; job descriptions; and agendas and minutes of staff, teacher, and program directors meetings. Materials related to outside organizations document the programs and services of organizations with which Escuelita collaborated, such as Action for Boston Community Development, the New England Resource Center, and the YMCA. These records include a listing of community resources, classroom information, and meeting minutes. Of special interest are the Policies and Procedures manual, which provides a concise history of Escuelita, program goals and structure, and daily activities schedule (Box 2, Folders 17-18); the United Way Affiliation Proposal, which includes a history of Escuelita, program description, objectives, and fee schedules (Box 2 Folder 49); and Escuelita's Corrective Action Plan (Box 2, Folder 61). Also of interest are the Felin Development Screening Test Manual, which was designed specifically for Esquelita Agueybana (Box 1, Folders 62-65); Five in Massachusetts: Profiles of Diversity, which features Escuelita (Box 2 Folder 22); the Directory of Bilingual Immersion Programs (Box 2 Folder 21), which provides a concise overview of Escuelita and its programs; and the building logs, which include the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Office for Children Licensing Center's investigations (Box 1, Folder 10).
BoxTitleDate
1Agreements (8 folders)1989-1991
1Brochuresn.d.
1Building Logs1992-1994
1Child Care Career Consortium1990
1Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Economic Affairs: Statistics1985-1988
1Compliance Responsen.d.
1Consultants (2 folders)n.d., 1987
1Day Care Closing: Press Conferencen.d., 1991
Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program
1Massachusetts
1Meeting Minutes1990
1Nutrition Componentn.d., 1990
1United States
1Compliance Review (2 folders)1995
1New Disabilities Standards1993
1Nutrition Counts Reportn.d., 1995
1Performance Standards1984
1Reports1987-1990
1Resident Protest
1Review1993
1Dorchester Meal Service: Sponsor Review Form1989-1990
1Eligibility Requirements1990
1ETC Developers Incorporated Lease Agreement1985-1987
1Eventsn.d., 1987
1Feilin Development Screening Test Manual (3 folders)1986
1-2Fiscal (12 folders)1987-1994
2Health Screeningsn.d, 1989-1992
2Historyn.d., 1992
2Human Services Risk Management Exchange: Evaluationsn.d.
2Newsletters1988-1995
2Newspaper Clippings1987-1995
2Outside Organizations (4 folders)n.d., 1987-1995
2Parent Information (3 folders)1992-1993
2Policies and Procedures (4 folders)n.d., 1986-1995
Reports
2Directory of Bilingual Immersion Programs (National)1987
2Five in Massachusetts: Profiles of Diversity1987
2Safety Guidelines and Health Regulations1991
2South End Data: Boston Department of Health and Hospitals1995
2Spanish Origin Census Tracts1980
2Staff (23 folders)n.d., 1990-1995
United Way
2Affiliation Proposal1983
2Site Visit1994
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Series:

3. Executive Directors, 1986-1995
Volume:1.75 cubic ft.
Arrangement:

Chronological by director
Summary:

This series documents the activities of the Executive Directors, including the development and implementation of corrective action plans; fiscal management and management of regulatory mandates, including health, physical, building, fire, and safety; curriculum planning and development; site visits made by Escuelita to other Head Start programs, and site visits made to Escuelita by the United States Department of Health and Human Services; and the Villa Victoria Child Care Project. Records include correspondence to and from Executive Directors and the United States Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Youth and Families and the Massachusetts Office of Human Services Office for Children regarding compliance violations, site visits, and conditions for continued refunding; Escuelita's responses to non compliance violations and corrective action plans; restructuring plans; and transition, status and final reports from executive directors to Board of Directors.
BoxTitleDate
Cornier, Agnes-Tamara, 1985-1990
2La Alianza Hispana (2 folders)1985-1987
2Budget1986-1987
2Consultant Correspondence1986
2Fiscal (2 folders)1989-1990
2Metropolitan Boston Child Care Network: Meeting Minutes1988-1990
2Villa Victoria Child Care Project1987-1988
Guiterrez, Rosaria, 1989-1990
2Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program: Massachusetts1987
Sariol, Lourdes, 1990-1992
2Boston Public Schools Meeting Notes n.d., 1991
2Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program: Massachusetts
Corrective Action Plan1992
2-3Non-compliance / Site Visit (3 folders)1992
3Executive Director's Report to Board of Directors1990
3Hispanic Office of Planning and Evaluation (2 folders)1991
Fisher, Louis, 1993-1994
3Elton and Associates: Escuelita and Jorge Hernandez Cultural Center Correspondence1994
3Final Report on Escuelita Agueybana 1994
Levine, Mark, 1993-1995
3Board of Directors: Meeting Minutes1995
3Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program
3United States
Compliance1993-1995
Corrective Action Plan1994
Corrective Action Plan Review1994
Funding Sources1994
Reports1994
Technical Assistance1994
3Restructuring Plans1994
Rosa, Marta, 1994-1995
Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program: United States
3General Correspondence1994
3Site Visit Notes1995
3Technical Assistance Consultants: Meeting Notesn.d., 1994-1995
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Series:

4. Programs, 1978-1995
Volume:1 cubic ft.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical
Summary:

This series documents the planning and implementation of Escuelita's programs, including education, health and nutrition, and special needs. Also documented are activities and events, meal observations, special needs training, and menu and nutrition planning. Records include curricula, workplans, policies and manuals, evaluations, program component director and staff meeting minutes, and menus. Of special interest are the Educational Services Philosophy and the Education Plan (Box 3 Folders 19, 22, and 24-25).
BoxTitleDate
3Integration Training1990, 1992
Education
3General1992-1993
3Bulletin Board Projects1994
3Educational Services Philosophy1992
3Field Trips1992
3Final Report1994
3Objectives1992
3Plan1986
Health and Nutrition
3General1989-1995
3Activities (5 folders)1991-1996
3Food Storage Inspection1992
Head Start
3Nutritionists1993
3Health Advisory Committee Handbook1974-1975
3Health Coordinator (2 folders)1989
3Lesson Plans1995
3Meal Observation1992-1993
3Meeting Minutes1990-1995
3Memos1992-1994
3Menu Evaluations1993, 1995
3Menus (17 folders)1989-1995
3Mental Health Services: Meeting Notesn.d., 1992-1993
3Mental Health Planning1995
3Non-compliance Responsen.d.
3Nutrition Goals1995
3Program Plan1992-1995
3Response to January 1995 Review: Consultant report1995
3Screening Report1991, 1993
3Workplans1991
Special Needs
3Generaln.d., 1992-1993
3Brochure1992
3Individual Education Plans1987-1990
3New England Resource Access Project: Speech Language Workshop (3 Folders)1989-1993
3Outreach / Recruitment1991-1993
3Special Services Outreach Notes1992
3Supervising People with Moderate Special Needs: Meeting Minutes1990
3Staff Training1992
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Series:

5. Grants and Contracts, 1979-1994
Volume:2.5 cubic ft.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical
Summary:

This series documents the government and private sources from which Esquelita sought funding for its operations. Funders include the City of Boston Public Facilities Department, Massachusetts Department of Education and Social Services, Massachusetts Department of Education Bureau of Nutrition, United States Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program, and United Way. Records include budgets, correspondence to and from Executive Directors and funders; audit, final, and quarterly reports; and basic day care utilization reports. Proposals include supporting material, such as program descriptions and activities, newspaper clippings, newsletters, and United States Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program performance standards. Of special interest is the 1978 Massachusetts Department of Public Welfare proposal which provides a concise description of Escuelita (Box 5 Folder 43).
BoxTitleDate
3Bank of Boston 1987-1990
3Boston Company1987-1989
3Boston Foundation1988-1989
3Boston Globe Foundation1988-1989
4Child Care Choices of Boston1990-1992
4Child Care Resource Center1989-1992
4-5City of Boston (35 folders)n.d., 1986-1993
5Clipper Ship Foundation1989-1994
Commonwealth of Massachusetts Rate Setting Commission
5Purchase of Senior Budget: Dorchester1989
5Purchase of Service: South End1989
Department of Health and Human Services Head Start Program
5Massachusetts1986
5United States
5General (19 folders)1983-1995
5Financial Assistance Award1995
5Non-compliance Report1990
5Goldston Foundation1988-1989
5Hovey Trust Fund1987-1988
5Marion Decrow Foundation1994
5Massachusetts Bureau of Education Social and Mental Health Services: Daycare Program Questionnaire1988
5Massachusetts Department of Education (11 folders)n.d., 1985-1993
5Massachusetts Department of Public Welfare1979-1994
5-6Massachusetts Department of Social Services (20 folders)1984-1993
6New England Telephone1988-1989
6Office of Child Care Services: Proposal1999
6Parker Foundation1985, 1988
6Peabody Foundation1988, 1994
6Pepsi Cola Bottling Company1988-1989
6Physical Education: Proposaln.d.
6Polaroid Foundation1988-1989
6Prudential Insurance1991
6Raytheon Companyn.d., 1988-1989
6Riley Foundation1986-1988
6Shawmut Bank1994-1995
6State Street Bank1988-1989
6United States Department of Education: Head Start1992
6United States Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs: Proposal1988-1989
6United Way (10 folders)1986-1991
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Series:

6. Photographic Material, 1979-1988
Volume:1 cubic ft.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical
Summary:

This series contains photographic images that document various aspects of Escuelita, including events, activities, programs, students, and staff members. The bulk of the material documents Escuelita's activities, such as field trips and celebrations. Classroom activities are also documented. Of special interest are the Three Kings Day celebration and the parent protest against day care closings.
BoxTitleDate
Activities
6Birthday Partiesn.d.
6Field Trips
6Generaln.d., 1981
6Apple Pickingn.d.
6Boston Commonsn.d.
6Fair1984
6Harvard Museum of Natural Historyn.d.
6Plimoth Plantationn.d.
6University of Massachusetts Boston Picnic1984
6USS Constitution1984
6Limbo Partyn.d.
6Mealsn.d., 1982, 1987
6Performance Troupe1979
6Play Time n.d., 1980-1982
6Playgroundn.d, 1978
6Puppet Show1984
7Swimmingn.d.
7Traveling Zoo
Celebrations
7Chinese New Yearn.d.
7Halloweenn.d., 1988
7Thanksgivingn.d., 1979
7Three Kings Dayn.d., 1987-1988
7Class Pictures1981-1989
Classroom
7Generaln.d., 1979
7Music Lessonsn.d., 1979-1987
7Naptimen.d., 1980
7Organized Activitiesn.d., 1979
7Story Timen.d.
7Dorchester Center Playground1988
Events
7Day Care Closing Parent Protestn.d.
7Graduationn.d., 1978-1991
7Group Photosn.d., 1979
7South End Center1980
Staff
7Generaln.d., 1979, 1984
7Activities1983, 1987
7Student Portraitsn.d., 1979
7Unidentified (2 folders)n.d., 1979-1988
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