Open Access

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Universities now look for and create alternative publishing models as they see the irrationality of paying a huge amount to publishers and vendors to gain access to articles written by their own faculty.

In 2002, the Budapest Open Access Initiative defined open access as the "world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature, completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds." Since then, many other institutions have also pledged to support open-access journals as a counter to the restrictive policies and high prices of the traditional publishing industry.

Northeastern University's Faculty Senate Ad Hoc Committee on Library Policies and Operations passed a resolution in 2006 urging faculty to seek out open-access publishing opportunities and retain control of their copyright; the committee also called upon the administration to support these efforts.

Recently, Harvard University has received a lot of publicity in this area; in February 2008 the Faculty of Arts and Sciences passed a mandate requiring its faculty to deposit their works, pre-publication, in an open-access repository to be developed.

What Can NU Faculty Do?

Examples of organizations and publishers promoting change in the market are the Information Access Alliance (IAA), SHERPA, and SPARC.

Examples of lower cost or sustainable models of publishing are Berkeley Electronic Press, BioOne, and Internet-first University Press at Cornell University.

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