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Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 (DMCA) is a United States copyright law. It was passed by the U.S. Senate and signed into law by President Bill Clinton on October 28, 1998. The DMCA states that it may be a violation of federal law to distribute or download copyrighted materials such as music, games, videos and movies via the Internet, without the permission of the copyright owner.
The federal government and other organizations are actively enforcing the provisions of the DMCA, with violators possibly facing steep fines and additional penalties.
The Recording Industry Association of America
One of the major tasks of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is to protect the intellectual property rights of artists. Millions of dollars are lost each year when Internet users illegally download music without the permission of the copyright holder. Copyright infringement is a violation of federal law and is also a violation of Northeastern University’s Appropriate Use Policy.
The RIAA has recently stepped up its efforts to identify and pursue alleged violators, many of whom are college and university students using institutional networks. Northeastern University recently issued a notice to the NU community stating that the University will not be a party to these activities, and that members of the NU community who engage in copyright infringement activities using Northeastern networks are doing so "at their direct, personal risk and are solely responsible for any and all potential consequences of their actions."